Part of the Oxford Instruments Group
Expand

What is a Scientific Camera Sensor?

A sensor is used in a scientific camera. A scientific camera is made up of a number of fundamental building blocks. First you have a camera window. The window is a protective barrier and forms part of a controlled environment for temperature stabilization and to stop dust and debris getting on the sensor.

The sensor is mounted inside the camera. Light can pass through the window and fall on the sensor. Sensors are manufactured using a common manufacturing process called lithography. When CCDs or EMCCDs or sCMOS sensors are made, they are fabricated on a silicon wafer and then mounted into a camera. Typically, the sensor is also mounted on a cooler, with electronics to control the cooler, and to control the read-out and operation of the sensor.

Explore our range of introductory articles
What is a CCD? What is an EMCCD? What is a sCMOS? What is an iCCD?
Calculating the Signal to Noise Ratio of a Camera
Digital Camera Fundamentals: CCD, EMCCD, sCMOS and iCCD
Choosing the Right Scientific Camera for Your Research
Camera Sensor Enclosures - Why Do They Matter?
Scientific Cameras: The Fundamentals - Part 1
Scientific Cameras - The Fundamentals - Part 2
Camera pixel size and photon collection
Andor Microscopy School - Imaging and Sensors Digital Microscopy Cameras and Sensors

Date: August 2022

Author: Dr Aleks Marsh

Category: Technical Article

Download as pdf

Share

Related assets